WCH CONNECTJuly 15, 2019

Advancing research with Sex and Gender Based Analysis Plus (SGBA+)

  • July 15, 2019
  • BY Jaimie Roebuck

Inclusive health research has the capacity to benefit everyone. Integrating sex, gender and other variables of identity has been tied to improving research and Women’s College Research Institute (WCRI) is working to become a leader in the integration of those variables. By considering factors beyond sex and gender, SGBA+ promotes research that aligns with WCH’s ongoing commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion.

What is SGBA+?

SGBA+ in health research is the process of integrating sex, gender and other demographic factors – such as race and disability – throughout the research process, from conceptualizing (e.g. research question development) through to completion (e.g. knowledge translation).

What do we mean by the “plus” in SGBA+?

We know that sex and gender are two important socio-demographic factors that affect health, health experiences and health outcomes. The inclusion of “plus” in SGBA+ means going beyond sex and gender by applying an intersectionality lens to consider the impact of additional socio-demographic factors that may affect health. These factors are portrayed below:

Visual representation of all the different factors sex and gender can affect. A few examples include age, religion, language, geography, culture, and income

Supports available through Women’s Xchange

Women’s Xchange offers a Sex and Gender Research Support Service (SGRS) to assist any level of researcher with their proposals and projects, offering guidance about how to integrate an SGBA+ lens in their studies. Women’s Xchange also offers education and training, including an extensive e-learning “The Health Researcher’s Toolkit” about embedding sex, gender and other variables of identity into health research. The e-learning modules cover a range of topics, including:

Inclusive sex and gender data collection in survey research
Sex-specific analyses and reporting in clinical trials
Integrated mixed methods


Both WCRI and Women’s Xchange strongly support the integration of SGBA+ in research to improve the health of all Ontarians.

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Council of Academic Hospitals of Ontario (CAHO)